Option Spreads: Introduction
Published originally at Investopedia.com
By John Summa, CTA, PhD, Founder of OptionsNerd.com
Too often, new traders jump into the options game with little or no understanding of how options spreads can provide a better strategy design. With a little bit of effort, however, traders can learn how to take advantage of the flexibility and full power of options as a trading vehicle. With this in mind, we’ve put together the following options spread tutorial, which we hope will shorten the learning curve.
The majority of options traded on U.S. exchanges take the form of what are known as outrights (i.e. the purchase or sale of an option on its own). On the other hand, what the industry terms “complex trades” comprise just a small share of the total volume of trades. It is in this category that we find the “complex” trade known as an option spread.
Using an option spread involves combining two different option strikes as part of a limited risk strategy. While the basic idea is simple, the implications of certain spread constructions can get a bit more complicated.
This tutorial is designed to help you better understand option spreads, their risk profiles and conditions for best use. While the general concept of a spread is rather simple, the devil, as they say, is always in the details. This tutorial will teach you what option spreads are and when they should be used. You’ll also learn how to assess the potential risk (measured in the form of the “Greeks” – Delta, Theta, Vega) involved with the different types of spreads used, depending on whether you are bearish, bullish or neutral.
So, before you jump into a trade you think you have figured out, read on to learn how a spread might better fit the situation and your market outlook.
Go to Part 2 – Basic Options Spreads